This madrasah in Erzurum is the work of the Anatolian Seljuk State. This work was built for the daughter of Seljuk Ruler Alaaddin Keykubad. Its construction date is known as the 13th century. It is dazzling with its height of 26 meters. This madrasa draws attention with its tiles. A must-have place in your itinerary.
What are the Features of the Double Minaret Madrasa?
The Double Minaret Madrasa is a Seljuk work that has become the symbol of Erzurum. It is generally accepted that it was built at the end of the 13th century. It is also known as the Hatuniye Madrasa, as it may have been built by Hundi Hatun, the daughter of the Seljuk Sultan Alaaddin Keykubat, or by Sultan Hatun from the Ilkhanid Dynasties. The madrasah, measuring approximately 35×46 meters, is the most important example of the group with two floors, four iwans and an open courtyard. Its courtyard, measuring 26×10 meters, is surrounded by porticoes on all four sides. Student and teacher rooms are lined up on both sides of the courtyard. The madrasah has nineteen rooms on the ground floor and eighteen rooms on the first floor. The square to the west of the entrance was used as a masjid. Joining the main iwan in the south, the cupola with a mummy underneath is the largest mausoleum among its contemporaries in Anatolia. The cupola, whose body is twelve corners, is covered with a cone on the outside and a dome on the inside. Its icicle is decorated with trim strips and moldings. The decorations, especially on the crown gate of the Double Minaret Madrasa, are magnificent examples of the depth and aesthetic understanding of the Seljuk stone decoration. Herbal elements were mainly used in the decorations.
While mostly palmette and rumi motifs are used, the harmony of the two draws attention. The double-headed eagle, the symbol of the Central Asian Turks, two open-mouthed snakes and the tree of life, consisting of sliced leaves, were carved on the western side of the crown gate. There is no leaf or eagle embroidery on the eastern façade. The height of the minarets rising on both sides of the crown door, built with glazed bricks and bricks and decorated with motifs, is 26 meters. Drawing attention with its turquoise color on the minarets, the board reads “Allah” in Arabic. One of the Ottoman sultans IV. The madrasa, which was repaired by Murad in a dilapidated state and used as “ammunition” for a while, served as the Erzurum Museum between 1942 and 1967, and today it serves as both a museum and a museum. a painting exhibition hall.