Work Permit

Work Permit

Work permt is a permission which is given by Ministry of Labour of Republic of Turkey to foreign employees and companies which would like to employ foreigners. There is four types of work permit as temporary, permanenet, independent and Turquoise cards. The work permit application could be done via by using electronic signature of employer or by authorized consultancy firm on behalf of the employer. Foreigners cannot obtain work permit on behalf of themself, without employers.

Under contemporary globalization, inevitably labor markets have become increasingly integrated. In order to manage international labor mobility more effectively, especially in those emerging markets and developing countries, new labor migration policies have been established or the existing ones have been re-organized rapidly. At this point, achieving a right balance between the protection of local employment and the relaxation of barriers before high-skilled foreign labor has been the main concern of the state, which led to the introduction of effective tools in the management of international labor mobility.

2003 has been a remarkable year for Turkey to review its rules and principles dealing with the employment of foreign workers in Turkey. As one of the most popular destinations within the global labor market, Turkey has introduced and effectively has reformed a new system to control foreign labor immigration. In the purpose of centralization of work permits system under one code ‘Law no: 4817 on Work Permits of Foreigners’ was originally enacted on 27th February 2003, as the principal legislation in controlling entry of foreign nationals in the Turkish labor market. Subsequently the same year ‘Regulation on the Implementation of the Law on Work Permits for Foreigners’[1] has been introduced to set forth the rules and principles regarding the implementation of the Law on Work Permits of Foreigners. Furthermore, within the context of encouraging foreign direct investments, a new Foreign Direct Investment act was voted and became effective on 5th June 2003. Under the new FDI law, a special treatment is granted to the employment of expatriates with a separate regulation on the employment of expatriates under foreign direct investments. To encourage the employers to seek to employ high skilled foreign workers as well as to prevent informal foreign employment in Turkey, the past few years we have witnessed both systematical and procedural reforms in the Turkish legislation about the foreign labor immigration. Simplification of the eligibility conditions in work permit applications, adaptation of a new automated system for the work permit applications, a shortening in the period of the finalization of the work permit applications and a reduction in the procedural costs of applications might be considered main themes of the reform in the Turkish work permit system. There is no doubt that those further amendments have provided to the Turkish work permit system a more simplified, understandable and dynamic outlook.

The Law on Work Permits of Foreigners provides a legal framework about the employment of foreigners in Turkey by specifying  the rules and the principles to be applied at the procedures concerning work permits of foreigners. The law, in its relevant sections, specifies the types of work permits, outlines the exemptions and restrictions and formulates the rules about granting, extending, rejecting and canceling the working permissions.

The Turkish Ministry of Labor and Social Security is entitled as a competent authority in the work permit process of foreigners. However certain Ministries, Public Institutions and Organizations are also empowered to grant working permissions.  On the basis of their existing authorities arising from relevant Turkish legislation, Prime Ministry,Ministry of National Defense, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Economy , General Directorate of Free Zones and  Council of Higher Education have the competence to grant working permission for specific categories of professions.

As a general rule, individuals who have no citizenship bond with the Republic of Turkey, in order to either work dependently or independently, are obliged to have a valid working permission before they start to work.  Exceptionally, for the working periods no more than one month, in the state of necessity or for the sake of state benefits, by prior notification of relevant authorities and with the ministry approval, working permit may be given after starting to work.

Ata İnstitutonal Consultancy provides the service throughout whole Turkey including İstanbul, Ankara, Antalya, İzmir, Mugla, Bursa and Gaziantep. İf you have any questions, please feel free to contact us.

The rules and principles stipulated in the Law on Work Permits of Foreigners are applicable to the foreigners working dependently or independently in Turkey. Those foreigners who receive a job training and the natural and judicial persons that employ foreignersare included within the scope of Law No. 4817 as well. The term “foreigner” in general refers to a person who is not a Turkish citizen under the Turkish Citizenship Law.[1] However those Turkish citizens by birth who got permission to renounce citizenship from the Ministry of Interior are excluded from the scope of Law No. 4817. Moreover, press reporters who are subjected to Press Law, Members of Foreign Press Organs, foreigners who are exempted from working permission requirement in their employment in Turkey due to reciprocity principle, international and European Union laws and foreigners who are employed or granted with working permission by the other Ministries, Public Institutions and Organizations [2] are not included within the scope of the Law on Work Permits of Foreigners.

In accordance with the article 15 of the Law on Work Permits of Foreigners, certain professions are reserved only for Turkish citizens. Different legal instruments in Turkey, prohibit foreigners to work either dependently or independently in  certain professions and occupations. Foreigners are not allowed to work; (i) as attorney[3] (ii)  as notary public[4] (iii) as security guard at private or public institutions[5] (iv) as customs broker and assistant customs broker[6] (v) as dentist, midwife and nurse[7] (vi) as pharmacist[8] (vii) as Veterinarian [9] (vii) as director in private hospitals[10].

Moreover in accordance with Turkish Cabotage Law[11]

“The right to catch or obtain fish, oysters, mussels, sponges, pearls, coral, mother-or-pearl and the like, extract sand, gravel and the like, extract and salvage sunken ships and vessels or shipwrecks and the like either on the surface or on the bottom of the sea, perform diving, searching, piloting and maritime supply, work as captain, secretary, crew or workman or in another capacity on Turkish maritime vessels, and carry out wharf porterage or any type of maritime business, within Turkish continental waters, shall belong exclusively to Turkish nationals.”

Additionally, law no: 6458 on Foreigners and Internal Protection defines the cases in which foreigners may not apply for work permit. Article 27(2) of law no: 6458 states that the following foreigners (who are defined in the article 7 of the law no: 6458) may not apply for work permit.

 “i) it is determined that his or her passport, passport substituting document, visa or residence permit or work permit is absent or fraudulent; or that he or she has obtained these permits fraudulently, ii) he or she does not hold a passport or a passport substitute document which is valid for at least sixty days as of the expiry of visa, visa exemption or residence permit, iii) he or she falls under the scope of the foreigners listed under the first paragraph of Article 15, without prejudice to the second paragraph of Article 15 of this Law, and regardless of whether or not he or she is exempted from a visa.”

[1] Law No. 5901 Date of Enactment: 29.05.2009 Published in the Official Gazette on 12 June 2009, No. 27256

[2] Law No. 4817, Art. 2

[3] Law No. 1136 on Attorneys

[4] Law No. 1512 on Notary Public

[5] Law No. 2495 on the Protection and Security of Certain Institutions and Organizations, as security guards at private or public institutions.

[6] Articles 227 and 228 of Law No. 4458 on Customs.

[7] Law no: 1219 on the Practice of Medicine and its Branches

[8] Law No. 6197 on Pharmacies and Pharmacists

[9] Law No. 6343 on the Pursuit of Veterinary Medicine Profession,

Establishment and Duties of Turkish Veterinary Medical Association and Veterinary Medical Chambers,

[10] Private Hospitals Act No. 2219

[11] Law No. 815 Date of Enactment: 19.4.1926 Published in the Official Gazette 0n 29 April 1926, No. 359

Ata Kurumsal

Ata Institutional Consulting is a leading consultancy company in its field, with expert personnel, with 12 years of experience, providing residence permit, work permit, Turkish citizenship consultancy and corporate consultancy services to foreigners. Ata Instiutional Consultancy


  1. Dear sir
    I’m kulandaivelu from India. Have a experience 20 + years as a Boiler Foreman operation and maintenance position. I’m interesting to work same Boiler department any were in thurkey .
    Please advice me which ? location more opportunity thurkey.

  2. Dear sir,
    I’m indian from sudan country.
    I have 20+ years experience in Boiler Foremen operation and Maintenance position. Now I’m working in sudan country. I want job opportunity in Thurkey ….which location boiler available industrial area …how much possible to get a job please

    1. Dear sir,
      I’m vellaiyan kulandaivelu from India. Presently I working in sudan country as a Boiler Foreman operation and maintenance position. I need job opportunity in thurkey. Which location for the Boiler operator and Boiler using company please.
      How much possible this opportunity.

  3. June 26th this year my employer applied for work permit for me but Up till now we haven’t seen or hear any response. My current tourist resident permit will expire 30th of this month. Can I apply for tourist resident renewal while waiting for the work permit result? What could be the reason for the delay

    1. Hello,
      Currently delays in work permit application procedures are common, however your employer should check status of your application with Ministry of Labor. You are allowed to extend your residence permit during work permit application process, however residence permit does not entitle you to work within Turkey, you can start working once the work permit card is issued.

      Kind Regards,

      Your thoughts are important to us. Are you satisfied with the answers we have given to your questions? Please rate us and leave a comment Click here

  4. Hello Expat,

    My employer applied for my work permit since late June till today (two and half month now) and according to my employer, they haven’t received any reply or email from the ministry of labor yet.

    Please is there delay in the processing due to the COVID-19 or there is a different reason for the delay?

    Please your response is very much appreciated. Thank you.

    1. Hello,
      Official evaluation time of work permit application is 30 working days, however currently it is very common that there are delays in applications, especially those submitted through Turkish consulates. Your employer can check status of your application by contacting Ministry of Labor.

      Kind Regards,

      Your thoughts are important to us. Are you satisfied with the answers we have given to your questions? Please rate us and leave a comment Click here

      1. Thank you so much for the information. My employer submitted the application here in Turkey. I also live in Turkey. Can they still check up with the ministry of labor? Thank you.

  5. Thank you for these information, very appreciated.
    I have a question, if the employer that I work with decided to not renew my work permit (for any reason) what are my options then? Can I apply for tourist permit in order to stay and find another job? (another work permit). Does my employer have full control over my work permit residency in the country?

    1. Hello,
      If your work permit will not be extended and you find another employer before its expiration transfer of work permit to another workplace can be made. Otherwise you can apply for residence permit before expiration of your work permit under condition that you did not obtain touristic residence permit within past two years. This rule does not apply to UE citizens, citizens of OECD countries, Russia and China, who can renew and extend touristic residence permit multiple times. If none of abovementioned is possible, you must leave Turkey within 10 days upon expiration of your work permit. Later, if you find another employer, they can apply for work permit through Turkish consulate in your home country.

      Kind Regards,

      Your thoughts are important to us. Are you satisfied with the answers we have given to your questions? Please rate us and leave a comment Click here

      1. Thank you very much. I really appreciate your help.
        Few questions if you don’t mind. From what I’ve read on the internet, if I buy a property (e.g. an apartment) I can get residency based on the ownership of that property, and this residency can be renewed multiple times in a row. Is that correct? Can I apply for this type of residency in the 10 days window? (After expiration of my work permit and not being able to find another job in time).
        I plan to move to turkey and stabilize there, hoping to get the citizenship by getting work permits for 5 years. Do these 5 years need to be in a row or it’s fine to be segmented? (I’m a doctor, if my work permit expired and I couldn’t find another hospital to work with for few months, do the period of 5 years reset?
        Sorry for my lengthy message. I really couldn’t find the information on the internet. Your help is immensely helpful to me.

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