Gaziantep City Guide

Gaziantep City Guide

Gaziantep is the ninth largest city of Turkey. More than 2 million people live in Gaziantep and it’s located in east Southeastern Anatolia Region of Turkey. Gaziantep is one of the most important cities in the Turkish Republic. The city is one of the most developed industrial and trading city of Turkey with its strong industrial facilities and local products. On the other hand, Gaziantep has wide-ranging cultural infrastructure and ancient historical background. Gaziantep is also a historical city and literally a city of museums. Many historical artifacts that have survived from various civilizations are exhibited in museums of the city. In addition to this, Gaziantep is home to the Gaziantep International Gastronomy Festival with very rich cuisine. Gaziantep, where history, culture and business meet together, is the city of gastronomy of the Turkey.

Gaziantep is one of the continuously growing cities of Turkey. On the other hand, Gaziantep is one of the leading cities that shape the economy of our country with its production and export volume. It is the most important industrial and commercial center of the region with the location on the historical Silk Road. Turkey’s largest industrial site located in Gaziantep. Also, the city has great potential in the agriculture, animal husbandry and energy resources. Gaziantep Airport are located in the city and you can find direct or connecting international and domestic flights to different cities of the Turkey and the world. If we look at the education perspective, Gaziantep has the high quality universities of the country like Gaziantep University. However, Gaziantep is the most important attraction point for tourism and real estate investments. Check out the most comprehensive Gaziantep city guide now. You will find the answers of many questions like “Places to see in Gaziantep” or “How to get to Gaziantep?” in this guide.

City Name



Population Density

Population Growth Rate

Surface Area

Number of Districts

Postal Code

Area Code

GDP (Per Capita)


Sotheastern Anatolia


300 / km2

2,01 %

6.887 km2




33.862 ₺

There are important districts in Gaziantep like Şahinbey and Şehitkamil in terms of population. These two districts are the biggest districts of Gaziantep with about 1.7 million population. Nizip and Islahiye are also have an important feature for Gaziantep. These districts are among the most crowded districts of Gaziantep. In terms of tourism, gastronomy festivals and historical artifacts in museums attract the interest of tourist in the city. Zeugma Mosaic Museum in Şehitkamil is important tourism center of the city. Generally, accommodation facilities in Gaziantep is within the boundaries of Şehitkamil district. Şehitkamil, Islahiye, Nizip and Oğuzeli has important industrial zones of the city. Nizip, Şahinbey, Şehitkamil, İslahiye and Nurdağı are the most profitable districts for real estate investments in Gaziantep.

The districts of Gaziantep are Araban, İslahiye, Karkamış, Nizip, Nurdağı, Oğuzeli, Şahinbey, Şehitkamil and Yavuzeli. You will find detailed information for all districts of Gaziantep in this guide.

Short History of Gaziantep

It is known that people have lived in Gaziantep since the Paleolithic period. It became a permanent settlement after the Bronze Age. In the next period, the city developed very fast as it was located on the Silk Road. The city under the rule of Babylon passed into the hands of the Hittites in 1700 BC. After the Hittites, it was ruled by Egyptians, Meds, Assyrians and Persians respectively. In the 6th century BC, the city was under the rule of Macedonian, Selevkos and Komagene civilizations. Later, it passed into the hands of Rome, Byzantium, Seljuks, Eyyubis and Mamluks. Gaziantep was conquered by the Ottomans in 1516 and remained on the borders of Arab, Aleppo and Dulkadir states until 1818. As of this date, it was reconnected to the state of Aleppo as an Ottoman sanjak.

After World War I, Gaziantep was occupied by the British first and then the French in 1919. Local people showed an epic resistance against the occupation of Gaziantep under the leadership of Şahin Bey. Despite this, the people of Gaziantep surrender on February 9, 1921. The French troops evacuated the city in accordance with the Ankara Agreement on December 25, 1921. Gaziantep won the metropolitan title in 1987. Gaziantep was awarded the Independence Medal by the Turkish Grand National Assembly in 2008, due to the bravery shown by the people of Gaziantep in the Turkish War of Independence.

Cultural Mosaic of Gaziantep

Gaziantep is Turkey’s oldest city. Its rich culture, formed in hundreds of years with the accumulation of different civilizations living in the region, makes it different. Gaziantep Cuisine has a privileged place among our country and the world cuisines with its rich traditions and local taste for years. Gaziantep has been the educational and cultural center of the region since the Ottoman Empire. The city has also an important place in Ottoman urban culture.  The city rapidly industrialized after the proclamation of the Republic of Turkey and reached its strong position today.

Accommodation in Gaziantep is an important issue for people who visit city for different purposes like tourism or business. In Gaziantep, close to the city center, it is possible to find uxury hotels in all-inclusive concept and accommodation options that serve in bed and breakfast, half board and room concepts only. You can stay in Gaziantep hotels suitable for the needs of visitors coming to Gaziantep for business and tourism purposes. If you want to get away from the city center to sightseeing spots of Gaziantep and visiting the historical values you can choose the hotels or hostels in Gaziantep. You can find a lot of accommodation alternatives in almost all districts of Gaziantep. There are world-famous hotel chains like Hilton and Dedeman or many local butiqe hotels.

Due to its location, while the Mediterranean climate is seen in the west of the city, continental climate is dominant in the east. Summers are too hot and dry, winters are generally too cold. However, the humidity in the city is very low due to the fact that it does not have a coast to the sea. So the air is not very harsh. Annual average temperature about 19 ºC in Gaziantep. In summer, Gaziantep is one of the hottest cities of Turkey. The best time to visit Gaziantep is spring months like April, May, September or October. Find the best hotels in Gaziantep in our guide easily.

If you are looking for real estate for sale in Gaziantep or real estate for rent in Gaziantep, you are on the right page. In recent years, the real estate sector is dynamic in Gaziantep. Gaziantep is the most important city of Southeastern Anatolia Region in terms of industry, development and culture. The fact that Gaziantep is a city of education, trading and industry increases the value of the residences. Also, Gaziantep is the ninth biggest city of Turkey in terms of population. The population of Gaziantep is growing every year with migration to work for agricultural and industrial sectors in the city . So, the city much more attractive and preferred for branded housing manufacturers. It is possible to see housing projects of various construction brands in most parts of the city. In Gaziantep, where branded housing projects increase, housing prices are valued and rising accordingly.

Gaziantep has the ninth highest population in Turkey. Many of districts of Gaziantep are valuable for residential investment. In recent years, housing sales have increased in the developing districts of Gaziantep such as Nizip, Şahinbey, Şehitkamil, İslahiye and Nurdağı. In addition, districts such as Nurdağı, Araban, Şahinbey, Nizip and Şehitkamil provide fastest return for real estate investment. Since affordable and luxurious housing projects are built in these regions, it is preferred by those who want to invest. You can make the most correct investment by examining our ads for apartment options for sale from Gaziantep real estate agent. You can also add your listings easily if you are selling or renting a house in different districts of Gaziantep.

Do you want to get detailed information about hospitals in Gaziantep? If you’re, our special health guide will be helpful for you. In Gaziantep, there are 3 state hospitals, 1 university hospitals, 2 training and research hospitals and 16 private hospitals. Almost all districts have hospitals in different regions of the city. You can get high-quality health services in many health instutitions in Gaziantep. Especially, Gaziantep 25 Aralık State Hospital is the most preferred and oldest hospital of the city. On the other hand, construction works of the city hospital in Gaziantep are almost done.

If we look at the general perspective to Gaziantep, the city is located in Southeastern Anatolia Region of Turkey. There are many transportation alternatives for the city. You can reach Gaziantep by air and road transportation. Gaziantep Airport, located in the Oğuzeli district of the city, is located 20 kilometers from Şehitkamil which is central district of the city. You can come to the city center by using Havaş and city bus services from the airports to different regions of the city. If you want to come to Gaziantep by bus, there are bus services from many cities to Gaziantep. On the other hand, there is a border and customs gate with Syria in Karkamış district.

Road Transportation

For the road transportation concept, Gaziantep has the alternative connections. You can visit Adana by D-400, D-850 and O-52 and some other important roads from Kilis, Osmaniye, Kahramanmaraş, Şanlıurfa and Adıyaman. Gaziantep Bus Station is the main bus station of Gaziantep and it’s located in Şehitkamil district. You can find direct lines from many cities of Turkey to Gaziantep.

Air Transportation

Gaziantep Oğuzeli Airport is the main airport in Gaziantep and this is located in Oğuzeli district. It takes about 20 km from Gaziantep Airport to the city center, so you can use Havaş, city buses and VIP airport shuttle services to reach city center from the airport. You can find direct international flight from Gaziantep to Germany or connecting international flight via İstanbul Airport from Gaziantep to many countries and cities of the world. Also, you can fly to many domestic cities of Turkey from Gaziantep Airport.

Inner-city Transportation

There are tramway and bus transportation alternatives in Gaziantep. You can use all of the districts of the city by public transportation. On the other hand, the construction works of the Gaziray suburban train line is ongoing. There are currently three tramway lines operating in Gaziantep. The tramway lines of the city :

1 – İbni Sina – Gar

2 – Adliye – Burç Kavşağı

3 – Adliye – Gar

You will find the answers of the “Best places to visit in Gaziantep” or “Top 10 things to do and see in Gaziantep” questions in this guide. Choose your destination, click on the guide and start discovering Gaziantep deeply now. Gaziantep has many places to visit. First of all, we should start with Zeugma Museum, is the main attraction point of Gaziantep. It is the second largest mosaic museum in the world. The museum is known for its world-famous Gypsy Girl mosaic. The mosaics in the museum were brought from the Zeugma Ancient City in Nizip district. The archaeological site is home to the ruins of the Commegene Kingdom. Most of the places to visit in Gaziantep are located in the Şahinbey district. So, it is a popular travel destination especially for foreign visitors in Gaziantep. Gaziantep Castle, Bakırcılar Bazaar, Zincirli Bedesten, Emine Göğüş Culinary Museum, Gaziantep Pazar Bath, Gaziantep Archeology Museum, Historical Antep Houses, Panorama Museum and Hasan Süzer Ethnography Museum are places to visit and see in Şahinbey district.  Şehitkamil is the busiest point of Gaziantep and it’s a must-see destination. One of the most important centers of daily life in Gaziantep, it hosts many shopping centers and local restaurants. On the other hand, Dülük Ancient City in Şehitkamil district and Yesemek Open Air Museum in İslahiye district are the main historical places you can visit in Gaziantep. Kendirli Church, Ömeriye Mosque,  Historical Naip Bath are among other places to visit in Gaziantep. Finally, Botanical Garden is also the center of attention for nature lovers. For more, check out our guide now!

There are 2 state university and 2 foundation universites in different districts of Gaziantep. For educational perspective, we can say the universities in Gaziantep provide world-class education quality in different languages. Especially, Gaziantep University is the most popular university for international academic staff and educational quality worldwide in the region. Find the best university in our guide below.


Enes Sahin

Hello, I am Enes, I write content for Expat Guide Turkey every day. Don't forget to check it out! You can contact me via e-mail

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