The last part of the 6th Evaluation Report, which is divided into three working groups of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change within the United Nations, has been published. The report, entitled Climate Change Mitigation, which focuses on how governments and people can prevent the worst effects of the climate crisis, has been endorsed by 195 member states.
The report’s findings point to the need for global greenhouse gas emissions to peak over the next three years and then decline rapidly to avoid the worst effects of the climate crisis. Even if we get to such a point, we will need technology that can extract carbon from the atmosphere by 2050.
Carbon Emissions Should Peak by 2025
The report, which has been carefully studied by scientists and government officials and will guide the world to prevent a very dangerous future, reveals that even if all governments implement their plans to reduce carbon dioxide emissions, the world will warm by about 3.2 degrees. Celsius at the end of this century. “There is a huge gap between what some governments and big companies say and what they do. To put it bluntly, they are lying and the consequences will be dire,” he told UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres. He states that we should limit temperature rise to 1.5 degrees to prevent extreme weather events and disasters such as storms and widespread water shortages. He says it is possible if we completely change our transportation methods, consumption habits and our relationship with nature. According to the report, it is important for us to stay limited to this threshold level, that carbon emissions from everything we produce and consume to ensure our lives will peak by 2025 and then decline rapidly, and that the world will reach the net zero target by 2050.
Researchers say the next few years are critical and that if carbon emissions are not reduced by 2030, warming cannot be prevented from reaching dangerous levels. In the short term, our energy production methods will be very important in this process. Kaisa Kosonen, from the Greenpeace environmental organization, said, “The fossil fuel industry, which continues both wars and the climate crisis in the world, is coming to an end. New fossil fuel investments should not be made anymore, there is existing coal and natural gas. Power plants should be shut down, they are closing fast.” On the other hand, IPCC report IPCC Co-Chair Priyadarshi Shukla said: “With the right strategy, infrastructure and technology to help us change our habits and behaviours, it is possible to achieve a 40 to 70 percent reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2050.
These changes in our lifestyle have proven to be healthier for us as well. This requires governments to encourage people to walk, eat healthy, eat less meat, and provide the necessary infrastructure for electric vehicles. He says plant a tree. alone will not be enough to keep us below the temperature threshold. He states that carbon dioxide must be captured and removed directly from the atmosphere with new technologies. However, these technologies are currently very costly and some IPCC members doubt the existence of such a system. My approach will work.
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