Bilecik City Guide

Bilecik City Guide

Bilecik is one of the most important historical destinations of Turkey where Ottoman Empire was founded by Osman Gazi in 1299. It is the land where the course of history changed with the conquest of Belekoma Castle and Yarhisar in 1299 by Osman Bey. The city is one of the smallest cities of the country in terms of surface area and located in Marmara Region. Marble and ceramic processing has a special place in Bilecik’s economy. In addition to the marble quarries, which contribute significantly to the economy, feldspar reserves, which are used as raw materials in ceramic and glass making, are also very rich. In addition, clay and kaolin are also mined. Turkey is one of the world’s richest countries in terms of marble reserves in Bilecik and has an important place in this market. The city’s proximity to important port cities such as Istanbul and Izmir and the ease of transportation also provided a great advantage in the growth of the sector.

Check out the most comprehensive Bilecik city guide now. You will find the answers of many questions like “Places to see in Bilecik” or “How to get to Bilecik ?” in this guide.

City Name



Population Density

Population Growth Rate

Surface Area

Number of Districts

Postal Code

Area Code

GDP (Per Capita)




51 / km2

-1,80 %

4,310 km2




28,758 $

Bozüyük is the biggest and most developed district of Bilecik with more than 75.000 population and important industrial facilities.

The districts of Bilecik are Bozüyük, Gölpazarı, İnhisar, Osmaneli, Pazaryeri, Söğüt and Yenipazar. You will find detailed information for all districts of Bilecik in this guide.

Short History of Bilecik

The first settlement in Bilecik, whose oldest known names are Agrilion and Agrillum, was BC. It extends before 3000. Bilecik, a region where tin was mined for bronze production in 3000 BC, has an important share in the transition of Anatolia to the Bronze Age. Another heroic raider and founder of the Ottoman Empire, Osman Bey conquered Belekoma Castle and then Yarhisar Castle in 1299. This conquest is shown as the foundation year of the Ottoman Empire. By the time of the War of Independence, Bilecik suffered great wounds, thousands of martyrs and was under Greek occupation for a short time. September 6, 1922 invasion rescued in Bilecik, has taken its place as a province of the Republic of Turkey.

Accommodation in Bilecik will be important if you are not resident in this city. There are some different accommodation alternatives in city center and Bozüyük district.

If you are looking for real estate for sale in Bilecik or real estate for rent in Bilecik , you are on the right page. As of the end of August 2020 in Bilecik, the prices of houses for sale increased by 21.43% in the last year. Average for sale residential property size is 127 square meters. Considering the annual averages, as of the end of August 2020, the districts that gained the most value in Bilecik for housing were Bozüyük, Söğüt, Osmaneli in descending order.

Do you want to get detailed information about hospitals in Bilecik ? In Bilecik, there are 7 state hospitals  and 1 private hospital. Almost all districts have hospitals in different regions of the city.

Road Transportation

It is very easy to reach Bilecik, which is among the four major regions. You can find direct bus services from metropolitan cities such as Istanbul, Izmir and Ankara. Bilecik Bus Station is located in city center.

Railway Transportation

Bilecik is located on the high-speed train line route between Istanbul and Ankara. You can reach Bilecik in approximately 2.5 hours by rail from both Istanbul and Ankara. YHT Station, located in the center of Bilecik, is located 6-7 km east of the city.

Osman Gazi and Orhan Gazi Mosque are the two important symbols of Bilecik. You can visit these mosques to see the historical background of establishing period of Ottoman Empire. Metristepe Victory Monument, built for our soldiers who were martyred in the war, is one of the sightseeing stops of Bilecik. The İnönü Wars were won in the region, which is located within the borders of Bilecik’s Bozüyük and is important in the history of the Republic. Köprülü Mehmet Pasha Caravanserai located in Vezirhan town of Bilecik was built by Grand Vizier Köprülü Mehmet Pasha in the 17th century. Restoration of the caravanserai, which was built on an area of 3008 m², started in 2007 and the restoration was completed in 3 years. Harmankaya Canyon is 3 km. long and located between Bilecik’s Yenipazar and Inhisar districts. The canyon, which has two 30-meter descents as well as small descents, is a frequent destination for nature lovers and nature sports enthusiasts. The Harmankaya Canyon, declared by the Ministry of Forestry and Water Affairs as a Natural Park, has become one of the alternative tourism centers with its historical and natural texture.

You will find the answers of the “Best places to visit in Bilecik” or “Top 10 things to do and see in Bilecik” questions in this guide.

There are only one state university located in Bilecik named as Şeyh Edebali University.


Enes Sahin

Hello, I am Enes, I write content for Expat Guide Turkey every day. Don't forget to check it out! You can contact me via e-mail

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