Trabzon City Guide

Trabzon City Guide

Trabzon is the second largest cities of the region after Samsun in terms of population and development. More than 800 thousand people live in Trabzon and it’s located in east of the Black Sea Region of Turkey. The people of Trabzon have unique characteristics of themselves and the region in terms of customs, lifestyle and traditions. A large part of the Trabzon economy is based on agriculture and animal husbandry. Fishing, hunting and forestry are other important economic activities. Trabzon is also one of the port cities and a logistics centers of the region. Trabzon Port is the largest and most active commercial port of the Eastern Black Sea region. In this way, Trabzon plays an important role in trade. The city served as a bridge between the Caucasus, Central Asia and the west.

On the other hand, Trabzon hosts many different civilizations until today such as Romans and Ottomans. However, Trabzon is a touristic center that attracts attention with many historic and natural places to visit like Sümela Monastery and plateaus. Otherwise, there are a lot of historical places to visit in the city like churches, mosques, castles and museums. The city is also famous for its anchovy and other unique flavors. If we look at the education perspective, Trabzon has one of the oldest universities of the country such as Trabzon Technical University. It is possible to reach Trabzon by road and airway. However, Trabzon is the most important attraction point for tourism and real estate investments. Check out the most comprehensive Trabzon city guide now. You will find the answers of many questions like “Places to see in Trabzon” or “How to get to Trabzon?” in this guide.

City Name



Population Density

Population Growth Rate

Surface Area

Number of Districts

Postal Code

Area Code

GDP (Per Capita)


Black Sea




4,662 km2




36,089 TL

Ortahisar is important district in Trabzon in terms of being metropolitan district. On the other hand, the second largest district of Trabzon is Akçaabat after Ortahisar. These two districts have more than half of the city population. Araklı, Of and Yomra are also have an important feature for Trabzon. These districts are among the most popular districts of Trabzon. Places to visit in Trabzon is generally within the boundaries of these districts. Arsin, Akçaabat, Beşikdüzü and Vakfıkebir has important industrial zones of the city. Vakfıkebir, Maçka, Akçaabat, Araklı  and Sürmene  are the most profitable districts for real estate investments in Trabzon.

The districts of Trabzon are Akçaabat, Araklı, Arsin, Beşikdüzü, Çarşıbaşı, Çaykara, Dernekpazarı, Düzköy, Hayrat, Köprübaşı, Maçka, Of, Ortahisar, Sürmene, Şalpazarı, Tonya, Vakfıkebir and Yomra. You will find detailed information for all districts of Trabzon in this guide.

Short History of Trabzon

Trabzon is a very old settlement center. The first inhabitants are Tibarens and Elizons from Turan Turks who came from Central Asia. Then, Ionians took Trabzon under their control and established a busy commercial center and port in the Black Sea. The Persians conquered the region in the 6th century BC. Later, the Pontus Kingdom, which includes the Northern Black Sea and the Crimea, was established in Trabzon. The Kingdom of Pontus was a kingdom of Persian origin kings speaking Greek and melted in Greek culture. Then the lands came under Roman rule and then Byzantine rule. Islamic armies tried to conquer Trabzon during the Byzantine period, but they were not successful. The Byzantines established the Second Byzantine Empire in Trabzon. However, the Trabzon Byzantine Empire was not fully independent, and they gave taxes and soldiers to the Anatolian Seljuks, the Mongols, Akkoyunlu and the Ottomans.

Fatih Sultan Mehmed conquered Trabzon on October 26, 1461. During the 20-year period of Yavuz Selim, Trabzon became a completely Turkish city. Trabzon became the state center. Trabzon is the last city conquered by the Turks in the Anatolian lands. The Russians invaded Trabzon in 1916 in the First World War. This occupation lasted a year. With the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk signed on February 25, 1918, Trabzon was once again under Turkish domination. On the other hand, the people of Trabzon provided great services in the Turkish War of Independence.

Accommodation in Trabzon is an important issue for people who visit city for different purposes like tourism or business. In Trabzon, close to the city center, it is possible to find luxury hotels in all-inclusive concept and accommodation options that serve in bed and breakfast, half board and room concepts only. You can stay in Trabzon hotels suitable for the needs of visitors coming to Trabzon for business and tourism purposes. If you want to get away from the city center and explore the natural beauties of Trabzon you can choose the hotels or hostels in different districts. You can find a lot of accommodation alternatives in Trabzon. There are world-famous hotel chains like Hilton, Ramada and Radisson Blu.

Black Sea climate is seen in Trabzon. Summers are cool and winters are warm and rainy in all seasons. Even in the driest month, the amount of rainfall is quite high. Also, high humidity is seen. Annual average temperature about 14.8 ºC in the city. The best time to visit Trabzon is summer months. Find the best hotels in Trabzon in our guide easily.

If you are looking for real estate for sale in Trabzon or real estate for rent in Trabzon, you are on the right page. The prices of houses for sale in Trabzon have increased by 10.51% in the last year. The average residential area is 160 square meters. The depreciation period of the houses for sale is around 24 years. Trabzon is the second largest city of the Black Sea Region after Samsun today. It is possible to see housing projects of various construction brands in most parts of the city. The districts that gained the most value in Trabzon province were Vakfıkebir, Maçka, Akçaabat, Araklı, Sürmene respectively. On the other hand, The districts with the fastest return in Trabzon province were  Çarşıbaşı, Maçka, Ortahisar, Yomra, Of respectively. Since affordable and luxurious sites are built in these regions, it is preferred by those who want to invest. You can make the most correct investment by examining our ads for apartment options for sale from Trabzon real estate agent. You can also add your listings easily if you are selling or renting a house in different districts of Trabzon.

Do you want to get detailed information about hospitals in Trabzon? If you’re, our special health guide will be helpful for you. In Trabzon, there are 9 state hospitals, 1 university hospital and 4 private hospitals. You can get high-quality health services in many health instutitions in Trabzon. Especially, Karadeniz Technical University Farabi Hospital is the largest and full-fledged hospital of the city with its high capacity.

If we look at the general perspective to Trabzon, the city is located in Black Sea Region of Turkey. There are two transportation alternatives for the city. You can reach Trabzon by air and road transportation. Trabzon International Airport is located in the city center. In this way, it is very easy to reach Trabzon. If you want to come to Trabzon by bus, there are bus services from many cities to Trabzon.

Road Transportation

For the road transportation concept, Trabzon has the two main connections. You can visit Trabzon by D-010 and D-885 and some other important roads from Giresun, Gümüşhane and  Rize. Trabzon Intercity Bus Station is the main bus station of Trabzon and it’s located in Ortahisar district. You can find direct lines from many cities of Turkey to Trabzon.

Air Transportation

Trabzon International Airport is the main airport in Trabzon and this is located in the city center. It is one of the busiest airports in the Black Sea Region. You can find connecting and direct international flight from Trabzon to many countries and cities of the world. Also, you can fly to many domestic cities of Turkey from Trabzon International Airport.

Inner-city Transportation

There is only bus transportation alternatives such as city buses, public buses and minibuses in Trabzon. The rail system is not yet built in the city. You can use all of the districts of the city by public transportation.

You will find the answers of the “Best places to visit in Trabzon” or “Top 10 things to do and see in Trabzon” questions in this guide. Choose your destination, click on the guide and start discovering Trabzon deeply now. The city has a lot of places to visit. Trabzon has a unique treasure in every corner with its unique natural beauties. It is a city worth seeing in the Black Sea region. Trabzon is a city that must be visited with its traditions, cultural values, unique nature and historical accumulation in the Black Sea. The history of Trabzon Castle in the city center dates back to the Roman period. The world-famous Sumela Monastery is the most magnificent structure of the city and even the Central Black Sea region. The monastery is popularly known as the Virgin Mary. In addition to the Sumela Monastery, you can visit other monasteries and churches in Trabzon such as Vazelon Monastery, Kızlar MonasteryKaymaklı Monastery, Peristera Monastery and St Eugenius Church. Those who want to know about the history, tradition and culture of Trabzon and the region can visit museums in Trabzon. Trabzon Museum, Trabzon Hagia Sophia Museum, Cevdet Sunay Museum, Traditional Life Exhibition and Atatürk Mansion are among these museums. On the other hand, Trabzon is among the cities where plateau tourism is the leading destination in the Black Sea region. Erikbeli Plateau, Lapazan Plateau, Haçka Obası Plateau, Garester Plateau, Şolma Plateau, Sultan Murat Plateau, Şekersu Plateau and Haldizen Plateau are among the plateaus worth seeing in Trabzon. Also, if you discover the nature of Trabzon, do not leave the city without seeing Çal Cave, Sera Lake and Altındere Valley and Akçaabat, Sürmene, Maçka and Çaykara. For more, check out our guide now!

There are 2 state university in Trabzon named as Karadeniz Technical University and Trabzon University. Especially, Karadeniz Technical University is one of the oldest technical universities in Turkey and it’s preferred by thousands of students every year. On the other hand, the city has 1 foundation university named as Avrasya University. Find the best university in our guide below.


Ata Kurumsal

Ata Institutional Consulting is a leading consultancy company in its field, with expert personnel, with 12 years of experience, providing residence permit, work permit, Turkish citizenship consultancy and corporate consultancy services to foreigners. Ata Instiutional Consultancy

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