Sirnak City Guide

Sirnak City Guide

Şırnak is located in the Southeast Anatolia Region of Turkey. Today, the city is an important agricultural and trade center of the region with more than 500.000 population. The basis of Şırnak’s economy is agriculture and animal husbandry. Important agricultural products are barley, rice, wheat, lentils, chickpeas, sesame and walnuts. Animal husbandry in Şırnak is based on goat and sheep breeding. There are many places to see in Şırnak with historical and natural beauties. It is a city that has been the capital of many famous civilizations and contains many works in its historical texture. Cizre and Silopi are the biggest districts of Şırnak today.

Check out the most comprehensive Şırnak city guide now. You will find the answers of many questions like “Places to see in Şırnak” or “How to get to Şırnak ?” in this guide.

City Name



Population Density

Population Growth Rate

Surface Area

Number of Districts

Postal Code

Area Code

GDP (Per Capita)


Southeast Anatolia


74 / km2

1,03 %

7.203  km2




2.595 $

Cizre and Silopi are the biggest districts of Şırnak. At the last years, these districts have become important border trade centers of the city. Thanks to the new investments, different districts of Şırnak are developing day by day.

The districts of Şırnak are Beytüşşebap; Cizre; Güçlükonak; İdil; Silopi and Uludere. You will find detailed information for all districts of Şırnak in this guide.

Short History of Şırnak

According to the Seyahatname written by Katip Çelebi, although the history of the city of Şırnak is based on many past, again according to the rumor and Seyahatname, it is known that it goes back to before the Nuh’s Flood. Cizre was first established and Şırnak was built in order to be protected from this heat since the summers were very hot in Cizre. In other words, Şırnak was used as a summer resort. If we come to how its name is Şırnak, first of all, Şırnak was founded in the name of “Şehr-i Nuh” on Mount Judi, where the remains of Nuh’s ship are believed to have been found. Today, Şırnak is the 73th city of Turkey.

Accommodation in Şırnak will be important if you are not resident in this city. At the last years, the city started to have investments on hotels. Today, you can find different accommodation alternatives in all districts of Şırnak.

If you are looking for real estate for sale in Şırnak or real estate for rent in Şırnak , you are on the right page. As of the end of July 2020 in Şırnak, the prices of houses for sale increased by 11.64% in the last year. Average for sale residential property size is 142 square meters. Considering the annual averages, the districts that gained the most value in Şırnak for housing as of the end of July 2020 were Cizre and Silopi, in descending order.

Do you want to get detailed information about hospitals in Şırnak ? In Şırnak, there are 7 state hospitals and 1 private hospitals. Almost all districts have hospitals in different regions of the city.

Road Transportation

The city can be reached via the E-24 highway and the Mardin, Siirt and Hakkari highway. The distance between Şırnak and Ankara is 1176 km. Its distance from Istanbul is 1663 km. Şırnak Bus Terminal is located in the city center.

Air Transportation

Şerafettin Elçi Airport was put into service on 19 July 2013, close to the point where Cudi and Gabar mountains meet, and is 65 km from Şırnak Center and 20 km from Cizre. Flight service is provided every day of the week. It’s possible to find direct flights to Ankara and İstanbul.

Railway Transportation


South Kurtalan Express trains run 6 days a week between Ankara – Diyarbakır / Kurtalan – Ankara.

You will find the answers of the “Best places to visit in Şırnak” or “Top 10 things to do and see in Şırnak” questions in this guide. Cizre Castle was built by the Guti Empire in 4000 BC. The castle is on the banks of the Dicle River in the north of the city. The castle consists of outer and inner walls. Hz. Nuh’s tomb is also located in the Şırnak. In the south part of Noah Mosque, his tomb is located in the basement of the mosque. It was first converted into a synagogue, then a church, and in 639 a mosque. Abdaliye Madrasah is between Cizre Dağkapı district and the cemetery. It was built in 1437 by Emir Abdullah (Abdal) Ibn Abdillah Ibn Seyfeddin Boti, one of the rulers of Cizre.

Cizre Ulu Mosque is an important symbol of Şırnak.  It was converted from an old church into a mosque during the Hz. Ömer period in 639. It was repaired during the Abbasid period.

There are only one state university located in Şırnak named as Şırnak University.


Enes Sahin

Hello, I am Enes, I write content for Expat Guide Turkey every day. Don't forget to check it out! You can contact me via e-mail

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