Investment in Turkey

Payroll Parameters in Turkey 2023

TURKISH PAYROLL GUIDE

The following fixed parameters of 2023 represent the basic payroll accounting in Turkey. There might be other benefits and allowances applicable to the employees. The below calculations exclude daily food, family and children allowances and other exemptions. Please consult your accountant for detailed information. The following information is for informational purposes only

PAYROLL PARAMETERS FOR 2023

I- GROSS SALARY:

Gross Salary refers to the amount of salary which is earned by employees according to the Turkish Labor Law.

  • Gross Salary = Net Salary + Total Deductions (Social Security Premium Employee’s Share (including Unemployment Insurance) + Income Tax + Stamp Tax)

II- NET SALARY:

It is the amount of salary actually received by the employees.

  • Net Salary = Gross Salary – Total Deductions

III- EMPLOYER’S COST:

In addition to the gross salary, employer must pay the employee’s share of social security and unemployment insurance premiums.

  • Total Cost of Employee to Employer = Gross Salary + Social Security Premium Employer’s Allocation (including Unemployment Insurance)

IV-SOCIAL SECURITY PREMIUM AND UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE:

Total social security premium is the 37.5% (including unemployment insurance) of Earning Subjected to Premium Insurance. 15% of the total is deducted from the gross salary as employee’s allocation and 22.5% of the Earning Subjected to Premium Insurance is calculated additionally as the employer’s allocation. (Effective from 01/09/2013 Short term insurance branches premium rate is determined as 2% of the earnings subjected to premium insurance regardless of the gravity of danger of the work.)

Insurance BranchesEmployee’s Allocation (%)Employer’s Allocation (%)Total Allocation (%)
Short Term Insurance Branch Premium22
Invalidity, Old Age and Death Insurance Premium91120
General Health Insurance57,512,5
Unemployment Insurance123
Total1522,537,5
SOCIAL SECURITY MINIMUM AND MAXIMUM RATESMONTHLY (TL)
MINIMUM (01 Jan 2022 – 31 Dec 2022)10.000
MAXIMUM (01 Jan 2022 – 31 Dec 2022) – MINIMUM (x) 7,575.060

V- INCOME TAX:

Employee’s Wage Income is subjected to income tax and employer is responsible to deduct and pay the tax office on behalf of the employee.

  • Income Tax Base (Taxable Income) = Gross Salary – Social Security Premium (Employee’s Share)
  • Income Tax = Taxable income * Income Tax Rate (%)
Income Tax (Cumulative) (Wage Income)(2022)Rates
Up to 71.337 TL%15
Between 71.337 and 156.061 TL In excess%20
Between 156.061 and 378.981 TL In excess%27
Between 378.981 and 1.961.784 TL In excess%35

VI- STAMP TAX: (2023)

Stamp tax is based on gross salary. The rate of tax is % 122.93

  • Stamp Tax = Gross Salary * Stamp Tax Rate

VII- MINIMUM LIVING ALLOWANCE (MLA)

Effective from January 1st 2008, a tax-free minimum living allowance is available for wage earners. Income tax payment is calculated by deducting the MLA from the income tax.

The calculation is based on the minimum wage regardless the salary of the employee. In calculation of the minimum living allowance, the marital status and the family composition of the employee are taken into account.

Calculation: 50% for the taxpayer, 10% for the spouse provided that is unemployed, 7.5% for each of the first two dependent children, 10% for the third dependent child and 5% for each of the following dependent children.

  • Income Tax Payable = Income Tax – Minimum living Allowance

VIII – DISABILITY DEDUCTION

The employee who lost working capacity at minimum 80 % is regarded as 1st degree disabled, minimum 60 % is 2nd degree disabled, minimum 40 % is 3rd degree disabled worker. While calculating the income tax, the following monthly deductions are applicable to the taxable income of the employees (2022).

  • For the 1st degree disabled 1500 TL
  • For the 2nd degree disabled 860 TL
  • For the 3rd degree disabled 380 TL

MINIMUM WAGE CALCULATION – SINGLE EMPLOYEE WITH NO CHILDREN*

( PERIOD BETWEEN 01.01.2023 – 31.12.2023)

GROSS SALARY10.008 TL
Social Security Premium Employee’s allocation (14%)1.401,12 TL
Unemployment insurance Employee’s allocation (1%)100,08 TL
Income tax base10.008 TL
Income tax (15%)1.501,2 TL
Total Deductions ( Social Security Premium Employee Allocation +Unemployment Insurance Employee Allocation)3.753 TL
NET SALARY8.506,80 TL

TOTAL COST OF EMPLOYEE TO EMPLOYER

TOTAL COST OF EMPLOYEE TO EMPLOYER Gross salary 10.008 TL Social Security Premium Employer’s allocation (15%)** 1.501,2 TL TL Unemployment Insurance (2%) 200,16 TL TOTAL COST 11.709,36 TL
  • Calculation is applicable to single employees with no children. Different Minimum Living Allowance amounts should be considered for other calculations.

**”For the private sector employers who employ insurance holders under item (a) of paragraph one of Article 4 of this Law, the amount corresponding to five points of employer share in the premiums of invalidity, old – age and survivors insurances pursuant to item (a) of paragraph one of this Article shall be covered by the Treasury.” SOCIAL INSURANCE AND UNIVERSAL HEALTH INSURANCE LAW (law no:5510 – Article 8-ı )

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Payroll Parameters in Turkey

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Enes Sahin

Hello, I am Enes, I write content for Expat Guide Turkey every day. Don't forget to check it out!

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