Ardahan is located in the Eastern Anatolia Region of Turkey with less than 100.000 population. Today, Ardahan is one of the smallest cities of Turkey. Due to its geographical structure and climatic conditions, the economy of Ardahan is completely based on agriculture and animal husbandry. In fact, the harsh climatic conditions are an obstacle to efficient production even in these areas. Because when we look at the growing time of the products, the balance of efficiency with the service provided is very low. Ardahan cannot develop at the desired level due to many reasons such as the fact that the majority of the population of the province lives in villages, the city is away from important trade centers, and the investments are insufficient.
Check out the most comprehensive Ardahan city guide now. You will find the answers of many questions like “Places to see in Ardahan” or “How to get to Ardahan ?” in this guide.
Population Growth Rate
Number of Districts
GDP (Per Capita)
19 / km2
Ardahan is a small city and all of the districts are small districts of the city. There are no district that have a population more than 25.000.
The districts of Ardahan are Çıldır, Damal, Göle, Hanak and Posof. You will find detailed information for all districts of Ardahan in this guide.
Short History of Ardahan
According to researches in the region, BC. In the 9th century, the domination of the region belonged to the Urartu State. The lands ruled by the Medes and Persians after the Urartians, BC. In the 1st century, Emperor of Armenia II. It was captured by Tigran. After the Mongolian invasion, the rule of Timur, the Karakoyunlu, Akkoyunlular and Safavid periods, the 16th century. As of, the region was included in the Ottoman Empire. These lands remained under the state of Çıldır for a long time. The Russians, who occupied the region many times in the following period, withdrew completely after the 1st World War. The region, which was also cleansed from Georgian and Armenian invasions, joined Turkish lands after 1921. Connected to Kars province in 1926, Ardahan was accepted as a separate province since 1992.
Accommodation in Ardahan is important for visitors. You can find a few hotels in the city.
If you are looking for real estate for sale in Ardahan or real estate for rent in Ardahan, you are on the right page. The prices of real estate increased more than 15% in Ardahan when compared the last year.
Do you want to get detailed information about hospitals in Ardahan ? In Ardahan , there are 3 state hospitals.
You can find bus services to Ardahan, which is one of the border cities of Turkey, from nearby provinces and from big cities such as İstanbul, İzmir and Ankara. Ardahan Bus Station is located in the city center and there is no transportation problem.
There is currently no airport within the borders of Ardahan. The closest flight point to the city is about 90 km from Ardahan center, located at a distance of Kars Harakani Airport
You will find the answers of the “Best places to visit in Ardahan” or “Top 10 things to do and see in Ardahan” questions in this guide. Şeytan Castle, one of the first to come to mind when talking about places to visit in Ardahan, is also one of the most important structures that symbolize the city! Şeytan Castle is located in Yıldırımtepe village of Çıldır district of Ardahan. Historical Ardahan Castle, one of the most important symbols of the city, should be number one in the list of places to visit. The building, which will attract your attention with its architectural structure and mystical energy when you come to the city, is one of the most important structures left in the city from the Ottoman period. Cemal Tural Nature Park, located within the borders of Çamlıçatak Village, is located 5 km from the city center. In addition to containing many plants and trees, you can even come across animal varieties. Located 13 kilometers from the city center, Yalnızçam Ski Resort was opened in 2018 with the support of the European Union. The ski center is home to ski slopes and ski lifts that are suitable for both holidaymakers and professional athletes.
There are only one state university located in Ardahan named as Ardahan University.