Adana City Guide

Adana City Guide

Adana is the sixth largest city of Turkey. More than 2 million people live in Adana and it’s located in east Mediterranean Region of Turkey. Adana is one of the most important cities in the Turkish Republic. The city is one of the most developed agriculture and industrial city of Turkey with its  fertile plains and mega factories. On the other hand, Adana has many cultural richness and stunning historical background. Adana is also a historical city has been hosted of many civilizations throughout history. Many historical traces from many civilizations seen in these lands. In addition to this, Adana is home to the International Adana Golden Boll Film Festival and the International Orange Blossom Carnival. Adana, where history, art and festivals meet together, is the cradle of culture of the Turkey.

Adana is among the continuously growing cities of Turkey. The city is also among the most livable cities in Turkey. On the other hand, Adana is the leader of textile and leather industry in Turkey. Adana is the marketing and distribution center of the Çukurova agriculture region. Also, the city has great potential in the mining industry. Adana Şakirpaşa Airport are located in the city and you can find international flights to different cities of Germany. If we look at the education perspective, there are not many universities in Adana but have the highest quality university of the country like Çukurova University. However, Adana is the most important attraction point for tourism and real estate investments. Check out the most comprehensive Adana city guide now. You will find the answers of many questions like “Places to see in Adana” or “How to get to Adana ?” in this guide.

City Name



Population Density

Population Growth Rate

Surface Area

Number of Districts

Postal Code

Area Code

GDP (Per Capita)




158 / km2


14,125 km2




32,542 ₺

There are important districts in Adana like Seyhan, Yüreğir and Çukurova in terms of population. These three districts are the biggest districts of Adana with about more than 1 and half million population. Sarıçam, Ceyhan and Kozan are also have an important feature for Adana. These districts are among the most popular districts of Adana. For tourism, gastronomy, festival events and historical places attract the interest of tourist in the city. Yumurtalık and Karataş are important tourism centers of the city. Holiday resorts of Adana is within the boundaries of these districts. Sarıçam and Kozan has important industrial zones of the city. Seyhan, Ceyhan, Çukurova and Sarıçam are the most profitable districts for real estate investments in Adana.

The districts of Adana are Aladağ, Ceyhan, Çukurova, Feke, İmamoğlu, Karaisalı, Karataş, Kozan, Pozantı, Saimbeyli, Sarıçam, Seyhan, Tufanbeyli, Yumurtalık and Yüreğir. You will find detailed information for all districts of Adana in this guide.

Short History of Adana

Adana’s history dates back to about 6,000 years ago. Adana is one of the most important cities of the Ancient Cilicia Region. It is the cradle of many civilizations, from the Hittites to the Ottomans. Archaeological findings in the region have unearthed human settlements dating back to the Paleolithic Age. A place called Adana is mentioned in the Epic of Gilgamesh, one of the Sumerian epics. The importance of Adana increased in the Middle Ages with the Silk Road passing through these lands. During this period, various civilizations fought each other to rule the region such as Arabs, Byzantine Empire, Seljuks and Cilician Armenian Kingdom. Later, the city was transferred to the Mamluk Sultan by Constantine III. However, the Turkish population in the region has started to increase. Ramazanoğulları is one of the Turkish families that reigned in the city until the Ottoman Empire conquered Adana.

After World War I, Adana and its surroundings were occupied by France. With the Ankara Agreement signed on 20 October 1921 as a result of the diplomatic success of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk showed during the War of Independence, France left Adana and its surroundings (5 January 1922). NATO Air Base was established in İncirlik in 1955. The base was used effectively in the Gulf War (1991) and the Iraq War (2003). Finally, Adana won the metropolitan title in 1986. Adana has reached its current economic and demographic positions by developing rapidly in the field of agriculture and industry.

Cultural Mosaic of Adana

The city has been flooded by different nations starting from prehistoric times due to its fertile soil and geographical location. These civilizations are Hittites, Persians, Hellenites, Cileans, Seljuks, Romans, Byzantines, Abbasids, Mamluks and Ottomans. It is also possible to define the cultural mosaic of Adana as a structure formed by stones accumulated in pieces from these civilizations. The effects of the civilizations ruled in the region are still seen and felt in cultural life of Adana. Especially in the 19th and 20th centuries, great strides in agriculture and industrialization have created great changes in the culture of the region. A new urban culture has emerged in the region with a mixture of plateau, sea and plain culture.

Accommodation in Adana is an important issue for people who visit city for different purposes like tourism or business. In Adana, close to the city center, it is possible to find world-famous luxury hotels in all-inclusive concept and accommodation options that serve in bed and breakfast, half board and room concepts only. You can stay in Adana hotels with pools as well as city hotels suitable for the needs of visitors coming to Adana for business and tourism purposes. If you want to get away from the city center to holiday resorts of Adana and visiting the beaches you can choose the hotels in Yumurtalık. You can find a lot of accommodation alternatives in almost all holiday resorts of Adana. There are world-famous hotel chains like Hilton, Sheraton, Ramada and İbis.

Mediterranean climate is seen in Adana. Summers are too hot and dry, winters are generally warm and rainy. Annual average temperature about 19 ºC in the city center. Since the temperature rises up to 40 degrees in the summer,  the best time to visit Adana are spring or winter months. Find the best hotels in Adana in our guide easily.

If you are looking for real estate for sale in Adana or real estate for rent in Adana, you are on the right page. In recent years, the real estate sector is growing in Adana. Adana is one of the leading agricultural, commercial and cultural centers of Turkey. The fact that the city is the sixth largest metropolitan area in Turkey increases the value of the residences. Also, Adana is the sixth biggest city of Turkey in terms of population. The population of Adana is growing every year with migration to work for agricultural and industrial sectors in the city . So, the city much more attractive and preferred for branded housing manufacturers. It is possible to see housing projects of various construction brands in most parts of the city. In Adana, where branded housing projects increase, housing prices are valued and rising accordingly.

Adana has the sixth highest population in Turkey. Many of districts of Adana are valuable for residential investment. In recent years, housing sales have increased in the developing districts of Adana such as Çukurova, Seyhan, Ceyhan, Yumurtalık and Sarıçam. In addition, districts such as İmamoğlu, Aladağ, Pozantı and Yumurtalık provide fastest return for real estate investment. Since affordable and luxurious sites are built in these regions, it is preferred by those who want to invest. You can make the most correct investment by examining our ads for apartment options for sale from Adana real estate agent. You can also add your listings easily if you are selling or renting a house in different districts of Adana.

Do you want to get detailed information about hospitals in Adana? If you’re, our special health guide will be helpful for you. In Adana, there are 1 city hospital, 7 state hospitals, 2 university hospitals, 1 training and research hospitals and 14 private hospitals. Almost all districts have hospitals in different regions of the city. You can get high-quality health services in many health instutitions in Adana. Especially, Adana City Hospital is the biggest and most modern hospital of the city with its high capacity.

If we look at the general perspective to Adana, the city is located in east of Mediterranean Region of Turkey. There are many transportation alternatives for the city. You can reach Adana by air, railway and road transportation. Adana Şakirpaşa Airport, located on the center of the city, is located 5 kilometers from the city center. You can come to the city center by using Havaş and city buses services from the airports to different regions of the city. If you want to come to Adana by bus, there are bus services from many cities to Adana.

Road Transportation

For the road transportation concept, Adana has the alternative connections. You can visit Adana by D-400, O-50 and TEM and some other important roads from Hatay, Osmaniye, Konya, Niğde and Mersin. Adana Central Bus Station is the main bus station of Adana and it’s located in Seyhan district. You can find direct lines from many cities of Turkey to Adana.

Air Transportation

Adana Şakirpaşa Airport is the main airport in Adana and this is located in Seyhan district. It takes about 5 km. from Adana Şakirpaşa Airport to the city center, so you can use Havaş, city buses and other airport shuttle services to reach city center from the airport. You can find direct international flight from Adana to Germany. Also, you can fly to many domestic cities of Turkey from Adana Şakirpaşa Airport.

Railway Transportation

For the concept of railway transportation, it is possible to reach Konya by Taurus Express from Adana in 6 hours and 30 minutes. Also, it’s possible to visit Adana by regional train from Mersin, Iskenderun and Kayseri . Taurus Express consists of pulman wagons. There are regular train services on this line every day.

Inner-city Transportation

There are metro and bus transportation alternatives in Adana. You can use all of the districts of the city by public transportation. Adana Metro is operated on a single line. The metro line of the city :

1- Hastane – Akıncılar

Adana subway map

You will find the answers of the “Best places to visit in Adana” or “Top 10 things to do and see in Adana” questions in this guide. Choose your destination, click on the guide and start discovering Adana deeply now. Adana has a lot of places to visit. First of all, we should start with city center, is the main attraction point of Adana. Most of the places to visit in Adana are located in the city center. So, it is a popular travel destination especially for foreign visitors in Adana. The streets and historical buildings of Seyhan and Yüreğir, central districts of Adana, bring traces of Adana’s history to the present day. Many of the tourist attractions are located in these districts. Stone Bridge, Great Mosque aka Ramazanoğulları Mosque, Sabancı Central Mosque, Big Clock Tower, Atatürk House Museum, Archeology Museum and Ethnography Museum are places to visit and see in city center. Seyhan is the busiest point of Adana and it’s a must-see destination. One of the most important centers of daily life in Adana, it hosts many shopping centers and restaurants. On the other hand, Anavarza Ancient City in Kozan district, Shar Ancient City in Tufanbeyli district, Misis Ancient City located on Ceyhan River and Ayaş Ancient City in Yumurtalik district are the main historical places you can visit in Adana. Those who want to enjoy the swimming should go to the holiday regions of Adana. Yumurtalık and Karataş are holiday destinations of Adana. Adana Castle, Yılanlı Castle, Feke Castle, Varda Bridge, Hasan Ağa Mosque, Ağca Mescit, Gön Han, Tuz Han, Çarşı Bath and Irmak Bath and Bebekli Church are among other places to visit in Adana. Finally, Kapuzbaşı waterfall, Kapıkaya Canyon and Taurus highlands of Adana are also the center of attention for nature lovers. For more, check out our guide now !

There are 2 state university in Sarıçam district of Adana. There is no foundation university in Adana. For educational perspective, we can say the universities in Adana provide world-class education quality in different languages. Çukurova University is so popular for international academic staff and educational quality worldwide. Adana Alparslan Türkeş Science and Technology University (ATÜ) was established recently and is growing fast. Find the best university in our guide below..


Enes Sahin

Hello, I am Enes, I write content for Expat Guide Turkey every day. Don't forget to check it out! You can contact me via e-mail

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