What is Turkey ‘s Population?

What is Turkey ‘s Population?

The Turkish Statistical Institute (TUIK) announced that the population of Turkey in 2021 is 84 million 680 thousand 273 people. According to the details, the male population was 42 million 428 thousand 101 people and the female population was 42 million 252 thousand 172 people.

TUIK announced the population and housing census statistics for 2021. According to this; According to the results of the 1927 general census conducted in the first years of the Republic, the population of Turkey, which was 13 million 648 thousand 270 people, showed a continuous increase over the years and reached 84 million 680 thousand 273 people in 2021.


In the first years of the Republic, with the effect of the previous war period, while the female population was counted more than the male population, the female and male population reached almost equal size over the years. The male population, which was 6 million 563 thousand 879 people in 1927, became 42 million 428 thousand 101 people in 2021. The female population, which was 7 million 84 thousand 391 people in 1927, became 42 million 252 thousand 172 people in 2021. When the population growth rate is analyzed by years, the annual population growth rate, which was 21.1 per thousand in 1935, became 12.7 per thousand in 2021.

Turkey population


When Turkey’s 1935, 1960, 2000 and 2021 population pyramids are examined; The age structure of the population has changed with the developments in health, the decrease in fertility and death rates due to the increase in living standards and welfare, and the increase in life expectancy at birth. While the proportion of the elderly and middle-aged population in the total population has increased, the proportion of children and young people has decreased. The median age increased from 21.2 percent in 1935 to 33.1 percent in 2021. When analyzed by gender, the median age for men, which was 19.1 percent in 1935, increased from 32.4 percent in 2021 to 23.4 percent in 1935. 33.8 percent in 2021 for women.


The proportion of the population aged 15-64, defined as the working age, which was 54.7 percent in 1935, has increased over the years and reached 67.9 percent in 2021. The 0-14 age group, defined as the child age group, decreased from 41.4 percent in 1935 to 22.4 percent in 2021 over the years. The proportion of the population aged 65 and over, defined as the elderly population, increased from 3.9 percent. In 1935 to 9.7 percent in 2021. When the distribution of marital status by years and gender is examined; The proportion of never-married men was higher than that of women. The rate of widowed and divorced spouses was higher in women than in men. The proportion of married people by years was close to each other in both genders.

Turkey population


The illiteracy rate, which was 80.8 percent in 1935, declined steadily over the years, reaching 2.5 percent in 2021. When examined by gender; The illiteracy rate for men dropped from 70.7 percent in 1935 to 0.8 percent in 2021, and from 90.2 percent in 1935 to 4.2 percent for women. The rate of primary school graduates, which was 28.8 percent in 1970, increased to 22.5 percent in 2021. 2021. The proportion of primary, secondary and equivalent school graduates increased from 3.6 percent in 1970 to 25 percent in 2021. The rate of graduates from high school or its equivalent increased from 2.6 percent in 1970 to 22.4 percent in 2021. While the rate of higher education graduates was 1 percent in 1970, it reached 17.6 percent in 2021.

Turkey population

When the level of education completed in Turkey by years and gender is examined; In 1970, the rate of primary school graduates was higher at 36.5 percent for men and 20.9 percent for women; It was seen that the rate of those who graduated from primary, secondary or equivalent school in 2021 was higher with 27.4% for men and 25.6% for women. When we look at the distribution of higher education graduates by years and gender, it is seen that the rate of higher education graduates in 1970 was 1.3 percent for men and 0.6 percent for women. In 2021, the rate of higher education graduates increased in both genders, reaching 18.5 percent for men and 16.7 percent for women.


The rate of population migrating between provinces, which was 3.18 percent in the 2007-2008 period, became 3.28 percent in 2021. In 2021, 2 million 777 thousand 797 people migrated between provinces in Turkey. Of this population, 47.5% were men and 52.5% were women. It was observed that 94.9 percent of the 84 million 680 thousand 273 people residing in Turkey were born in Turkey and 3.7 percent were abroad. The rate of those whose place of birth was unknown was 1.4 percent. While the rate of those born in the province of residence was 63.8 percent, the rate of those born in a different province was 31.1 percent. Among the 3 million 141 thousand 351 people residing in Turkey and born abroad, those born in Bulgaria took the first place with 11.4 percent.

Bulgaria was followed by Germany with 10.5 percent, Iraq with 10.4 percent, Syria with 8.8 percent and Afghanistan with 5.7 percent, respectively. While the foreign population residing in Turkey in 2021 was 1 million 792 thousand 36 people, 49.7 percent of this population was men and 50.3 percent was women. When the distribution of the foreign population residing in Turkey by country of citizenship is analyzed, it is seen that Iraqi citizens are in the first place with 18 percent. The Iraqi citizens were followed by Afghanistan with 10.2 percent, Iran with 7.2 percent and Turkmenistan with 6.9 percent, respectively.


When the names given to babies born in 2021 in Turkey are examined; It was seen that the name Yusuf in boys and Zeynep in girls took the first place. When the most used names by gender among the population of Turkey were examined, it was seen that the name Mehmet in men and Fatma in women took the first place. When we look at the distribution of households according to the condition of the goods in the house; It was observed that 60.7 percent of the households own the house they live in, 27.6 percent are tenants, 8.4 percent do not pay rent even though they do not own the house they live in, and 0.9 percent live in lodging.15 Labor force participation rate age It was 51.9 percent for the population of and above. When examined by gender; The labor force participation rate was 69.9 percent for men and 34 percent for women. Looking at the employment rate, it was 46.2 percent in total, 63.3% for men and 29.2 percent for women. On the other hand, the unemployment rate was 9.4 percent for men and 14.1 percent for women, totaling 10.9 percent.

Gül Demirci

Hi, I'm Gul. I am a writer for Expat Guide Turkey and I strive to create the best content for you. To contact me, you can send an e-mail to Happy reading!

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