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Hagia Sophia

Hagia Sophia, formerly St. Sofia Church, is a mosque in Istanbul, an old basilica, cathedral and museum. It is a patriarchal cathedral with a basilica plan built by the Byzantine Emperor Justinian I in the old city center on the historical peninsula of Istanbul between 532-537 and was transformed into a mosque by Fatih Sultan Mehmed after the Ottoman conquest of Istanbul in 1453. It was converted into a museum with the Decree of the Council of Ministers published in 1934, excavation and renovation work was initiated and served as a museum between 1935-2020. With the cancellation of the museum status in 2020, it regained the status of a mosque. Hagia Sophia is a domed basilica-type structure that combines the central plan in terms of architecture, and is considered an important milestone in the history of architecture with its dome transition and bearing system features. Hagia Sophia is a domed basilica type structure that combines the basilica plan with the central plan in terms of architecture, and it is considered as an important turning point in the history of architecture with its dome transition and bearing system features. Hagia Sophia is important first of all with its size and architectural structure. In the world of the time it was built, no basilica-planned building could be covered with a dome the size of Hagia Sophia’s dome and had such a large interior space. Although the dome of Hagia Sophia is smaller than the dome of the Pantheon in Rome, the complex and sophisticated system of half-dome, arches and vaults applied in Hagia Sophia makes the dome more impressive by enabling the dome to cover a much larger space.

Transportation:

For those coming from the Anatolian side, after crossing the ferry from Kadıköy to Eminönü, transfer to the Kabataş-Bağcılar tram. When you get off the tram at the Sultanahmet stop, you can reach the Hagia Sophia Mosque.

After getting off from Sirkeci stop by using Marmaray from Üsküdar, transfer to Kabataş-Bağcılar tramway. When you get off the tram at the Sultanahmet stop, you can reach the Hagia Sophia Mosque.

If you come from Büyükçekmece, Esenyurt, Avcılar, Küçükçekmece, Bahçelievler, get off at Cevizlibağ stop by Metrobus and transfer to Kabataş-Bağcılar tramway. When you get off at the Sultanahmet stop by tram, you can reach Hagia Sophia Mosque

If you come from Güngören and Bağcılar sides, you can reach the Hagia Sophia Mosque by getting off at the Sultanahmet stop by taking the Kabataş-Bağcılar tram line.

Enes Sahin

Hello, I am Enes, I write content for Expat Guide Turkey every day. Don't forget to check it out!

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