Elazig City Guide

Elazig City Guide

Elazığ is located in East Anatolia Region of Turkey with 591.000 population. Today, Elazığ is an important industrial center for the region with important instutitions. Keban Dam is one of Turkey’s largest dam lake in this province. Elazig is the continuation of the historical city of Harput, where mastery and mining competed and is very rich in terms of material. Due to its location, it is located at the crossroads of the roads connecting the Eastern Anatolia Region to the west. Elazig is the transition center of the Eastern Anatolia Region. Elazig Turkey is bound by the four corners of the main highways, rail and air transport also has to. Check out the most comprehensive Elazığ city guide now. You will find the answers of many questions like “Places to see in Elazığ” or “How to get to Elazığ ?” in this guide.

City Name



Population Density

Population Growth Rate

Surface Area

Number of Districts

Postal Code

Area Code

GDP (Per Capita)


East Anatolia


63 / km2

-0,76 %

9,313 km2




10,097 $

We can say more than 400.000 population is located in the city center. Elazig, where continental climate prevailed in the past, has switched to a temperate climate with the effect of the dams built and being built. As a result of this process, winters were relatively mild, especially in the past with very cold and heavy snowfalls. Elazig was established on a fertile plain. Kovancılar and Karakoçan are the biggest districts of Elazığ.

The districts of Elazığ are Ağın, Maden, Sivrice, Alacakaya, Palu, Kovancılar, Arıcak, Baskil, Karakoçan, Keban. You will find detailed information for all districts of Elazığ in this guide.

Short History of Elazığ

Elazığ was founded by Reşid Mehmet Pasha in its present location in 1834 due to the unsuitability of the historical city of Harput and the difficult natural conditions. Although the history of Elazig is new, the history of the region is quite old. According to available historical sources, the oldest inhabitants of Harput BC. It is the Hurrians who settled in Eastern Anatolia since 2000. Again, according to historical records, we see that the region came under Hittite rule after the Hurrians. After the Hittite domination that did not last for a long time. The Urartians, who established a state in Eastern Anatolia since the 9th century, reigned in Harput for a long time. In the 5th year of Sultan Addulaziz’s ascension to the throne, it was named “Mamurat ul-Aziz” in 1867 with the proposal of Governor İsmail Pasha, who was appointed here during the reign of Hacı Ahmet İzzet Pasha. However, since its pronunciation is difficult, it has been mentioned as “El Aziz” in public. During Atatürk’s arrival in the city in 1937, it was named “Elazig”, which means “Province of Azık”, which later became “Elazığ”.

Accommodation in Elazığ is so easy thanks to the latest hotel investments. You can find many hotels in the city center. But, it’s too hard to find a high-quality hotel in the districts of Elazığ.

If you are looking for real estate for sale in Elazığ or real estate for rent in Elazığ, you are on the right page. As of the end of July 2020 in Elazig, the prices of houses for sale increased by 23.12% in the last year. Average for sale residential property size is 170 square meters. Considering the annual averages, the districts that gained the most value in Elazig for housing as of the end of July 2020 are Karakoçan, Kovancılar, in order.

Do you want to get detailed information about hospitals in Elazığ ? If you’re, our special health guide will be helpful for you. In Afyon, there are 1 city hospital, 6 state hospitals, 1 university hospital and 5 private hospitals. Almost all districts have hospitals in different regions of the city. You can get high-quality health services in many health instutitions in Elazığ.

Road Transportation

The most important road connection of the province; It is the state road coming from Ankara – Kayseri – Malatya to Tunceli and Erzurum.

Air Transportation

There is an airport named as Elazığ Airport in the city. Every day from all the provinces of Elazig, Turkey’s transportation facilities are available as Ankara and Istanbul linked.

Railway Transportation

You can use Blue Train or Fırat Express to visit many cities of Turkey from Elazığ by railway.

You will find the answers of the “Best places to visit in Elazığ” or “Top 10 things to do and see in Elazığ” questions in this guide. Harput Castle is the main symbol of the city. It is located in the Harput district of Elazig. Harput castle is a historical castle that is definitely worth seeing in Elazig. Harput castle construction is based on quite old history. It dates back to the BC 8th century . It is known that the Harput Castle was built by the Urartians, one of the Anatolian civilizations. Keban Dam is the second biggest dam of Turkey after Atatürk Dam .The dam was built on the Euphrates River between 1965-1975. Harput Ulu Mosque is an important historical destination in Elazıp. It was built by the Artuklu Ruler Fahrettin Karaaslan between 1156 and 1157 in Harput. The inclination of the minaret is more than the Leaning Tower of Pisa.

Hazarbaba Ski Resort, İzzet Paşa Mosque and Meryem Ana Church are the other important destinations of Elazığ.

There are only one state university located in Elazığ named as Fırat University.


Enes Sahin

Hello, I am Enes, I write content for Expat Guide Turkey every day. Don't forget to check it out! You can contact me via e-mail

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