China’s Population Has Declined For The First Time Since 1961
A first in China, the world’s most populous country. The population of the country decreased to 1 billion 411 million 800 thousand in 2022 for the first time since 1961. The birth rate fell to 6.77 per thousand in 2022, the lowest level since national records began in 1949.
According to the data of the National Bureau of Statistics (UIB), the population of mainland China was 1 billion 412 million 600 thousand in 2021, while it was determined as 1 billion 411 million 800 thousand in 2022. Since the drought and famine of the early 1960s, years when the Communist administration tried to collectivize agriculture. The death of 30 million people at that time caused the country’s population to decline in 1960 and 1961.
LOWEST BIRTH RATE SINCE 1949
The birth rate fell to 6.77 per thousand in 2022, the lowest level since national records began in 1949. While 9.56 million babies were born in the country in 2022, the number of births decreased by 9.8 percent compared to the previous year. Experts say that the slowdown in economic growth in the last 3 years due to the Kovid-19 epidemic, the increase in the costs of raising children and living, and the strict control measures applied are effective. It is considered to trigger a decrease in the population. In China, where the population growth rate has decreased since 2016, the government abandoned the “one child” policy that has been implemented since the 1980s, and in 2016, first increased the childbearing limit to 2, and then enacted the law change that allowed families to have 3 children. 2021. had accepted.
INDIA POPULATION EXPECTED TO EXCEED CHINA
As the Chinese population tends to decline, India is predicted to overtake China as “the world’s most populous country”. In the “World Population Prospects 2022” report published by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, it was predicted that China’s population would enter a period of “absolute decline” from the beginning of 2023, while India’s population would continue to increase. growing, surpassing China as the world’s most populous country. It is estimated that China’s population will decline to 1 billion 317 million by 2050 and to 766 million by the end of the century. It is predicted that the negative population growth rate will lead to a decrease in the labor force potential of China in the future together with the aging population, and its effects on the economy will be felt.