Also known as hunchback, kyphosis is a condition in which the spine bends forward abnormally and the back curves more than it should. So what is a hump (kyphosis)? Why does it happen, what are the symptoms and treatment methods?
WHAT IS KYPHOSIS?
Humpback is a dangerous disease not only in young children but also in the elderly. While scoliosis usually does not cause any real health problems, Humpback itself can be life-threatening, although it is less well known.
Humpback is a condition in which the spine bends forward. In fact, the spine is already curved forward (kyphotic) in the dorsal region and hollow (lordotic) in the lumbar region. Humpback occurs when the forward curvature of the back rises above normal (more than 50-60 degrees) or when the dimple in the waist is corrected (below 15 degrees) or disappears.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF KYPHOSIS?
Humpback usually does not cause symptoms such as pain, except for rounded shoulders and hunchback.
Depending on the severity, more or less symptoms of Humpback can be seen:
- Pain and stiffness in the back or shoulder
Constant numbness and weakness in the legs
- Posture disorder
- Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing.
WHAT ARE THE TYPES OF KYPHOSIS?
There are many types and causes of Humpback . The three most common kyphosis affecting children and adolescents can be listed as follows.
-Congenital Humpback .
WHAT ARE HOPPER (KYPHOSIS) TREATMENT METHODS?
The treatment for Humpback depends on the cause and severity of your condition.
Your doctor may recommend the use of medications, including:
Pain relievers: If over-the-counter medications such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen, or naproxen sodium are not enough, stronger pain medications can be obtained by prescription.
Osteoporosis medications: Bone-strengthening medications can help prevent additional spinal fractures that can worsen your kyphosis.
Physical therapy can help improve some types of kyphosis.
Your doctor may suggest:
Exercises: Stretching exercises can help increase spinal flexibility and relieve back pain.
Brace: Children with Scheuermann’s disease can stop the progression of Humpback by wearing a body brace while their bones continue to grow.
Surgery and other procedures
Surgery may be recommended in severe Humpback that puts pressure on the spinal cord or nerve roots. Spinal fusion is the most common procedure to reduce the degree of curvature. The surgeon places the pieces of bone between the vertebrae and then fastens the vertebrae together with metal rods and screws until the spine heals together in a corrected position.
To help you maintain good bone density, your doctor may also recommend:
A diet rich in calcium and vitamin D
- Avoiding tobacco and cigarettes
- Limiting alcohol consumption.